Report on the activities of IUPAP Working Group WG.9 International Cooperation in Nuclear Physics
The past three years have seen a great deal achieved by this working group. The membership now includes the Directors of a broad representation of the world's major nuclear physics laboratories - from GANIL in France, GSI in Germany, Frascati in Italy, to BNL, FRIB, and JLab in the US, TRIUMF in Canada, J-PARC and RIKEN in Japan, Lanzhou in China and iThemba in South Africa. As a direct result of initiatives of WG.9 new regional organisations have been created in Asia (ANPhA) and Latin America (ALAFNA) with the express purpose of promoting international cooperation in research and education in the field of nuclear science. The Chairs and Past-Chairs of the peak advisory bodies in the US and Europe, NSAC and NuPECC, are actively involved. All of these representatives attend the annual meeting and contribute to the on-going activities.
The latest meetings of WG.9 were held in Vancouver, BC (July 4, 2010) and Boston, MA (July 24, 2011). It is traditional to hold this meeting the day before the meeting of C12, with members of C12 invited to attend as observers. Six members of C12 attended the latest meeting, including the Chair, who is ex-officio a member of WG.9. The membership of WG.9 has now been formalised and after serving 6 years as the inaugural Chair, Prof. Anthony W. Thomas will step down at the end of the year 2011. Prof. Robert Tribble was confirmed as his successor at the Boston meeting. Prof. Willem T.H. van Oers will continue as Secretary and Prof. Anthony W. Thomas will continue his involvement ex-officio as Past-Chair.
One of the major activities of the first three years of operation of WG.9 included the preparation of IUPAP Report 41, a handbook of the nuclear physics user facilities world-wide, together with a concise outline of the main physics challenges driving that work. Three nominees of WG.9 served on the OECD Global Science Forum working group (2006-2008) which used the handbook as an important source of information in preparing its roadmap for nuclear physics research worldwide (published by the OECD in 2008). In that report WG.9 was charged with a number of tasks, including the provision of a framework within which scientific administrators could regularly meet with each other and with leaders of the scientific community. This led to the organisation of the first Symposium on Nuclear Science, a two-day workshop held by WG.9 before the triennial IUPAP International Conference on Nuclear Physics in Vancouver, July 2-3, 2010. This was the first occasion in which a significant number of representatives of funding agencies had the opportunity to meet with their international colleagues and leaders of the nuclear physics community.
At the 2011 Annual General Meeting in Boston, WG.9 began the planning for the second symposium in this series. Early preparation is considered essential in order to fully involve the agencies in the planning and hence maximise the effectiveness of the meeting. The AGM of WG.9 also received updates of the long-range planning activities of NSAC, NuPECC and ANPhA, as part of the on-going dialogue among world leaders in nuclear science which WG.9 seeks to encourage.
Over the past year members of WG.9 have overseen an effort to update the handbook, allowing laboratories the chance to bring their entries up to date. In addition the introductory section dealing with physics motivation has been updated by working group members. This edition is made available on-line through the IUPAP web pages.
As mentioned in the introduction the last three years have seen the formation, through the auspices of WG.9, of the Asian Nuclear Physics Association (ANPhA), with membership involving 7 countries and one region. The ANPhA Board meets twice per year, usually in connection with a symposium held by the host institute. The last meeting was held in Lanzhou China, in April 2011 and the next will take place in Vietnam in November 2011. While it may be some years before ANPhA can play a role as influential as that played by NuPECC in Europe, its members feel that it has enormous potential to aid the development of nuclear science in the region.
Following on the successful creation of ANPhA, WG.9 suggested that a similar initiative might be considered in South America and there is now a fledgling organisation of Latin American nuclear physicists, ALAFNA, formed under the Charter of Santiago in January 2010. The timing could not be better, with a consideration now being given to a new underground project, ANDES, involving experiments of direct interest to nuclear physicists in a proposed tunnel between Argentina and Chile, beneath some 1500 m of rock. There are great hopes for this initiative.
Finally, it is to be noted that for the first time at the recent Annual General Meeting, WG.9 was able to add a member from South Africa, the Director of the iThemba laboratory. Dr. Zeblon Vilakazi was able to attend the meeting and present an overview of the current status of nuclear science in Africa. We expect to work with Dr. Vilakazi to support development activities which may one day lead to the formation of an African organisation along the lines of ANPhA and ALAFNA.
In summary, WG.9 not only provides a much needed forum for laboratory directors to share information but it is serving a very broad role in the development of nuclear science worldwide.
Anthony W. Thomas
August 1st 2011
Activity Report of the IUPAP Working Group on International Cooperation in Nuclear Physics (ICNP) - WG.9
The major activity of WG.9 in 2010 was a Two-Day Symposium on Nuclear Physics and Nuclear Physics Facilities worldwide, which was held at TRIUMF in Vancouver, BC, on July 2 – 3, 2010. The purpose of the Symposium was to provide a forum where the international proponents of nuclear science could be appraised of and discuss the present and future plans for nuclear physics research as well as the upgraded and new research facilities required to realize those plans. The Symposium was held as a response to the mandate given to the IUPAP Working Group (WG.9) on International Cooperation in Nuclear Physics by the OECD Global Science Forum in a missive from its Chair, Hermann-Friedrich Wagner, following the recent report of the OECD Global Science Forum Working Group on Nuclear Physics.
Three half-day presentations were organized each by NSAC (the US Nuclear Science Advisory Committee ), by NuPECC (the Nuclear Physics European Collaboration Committee), and by ANPhA (the Asian Nuclear Physics Association).
The presentations focused on the main themes of nuclear physics today:
Can the structure and interactions of hadrons be understood in terms of QCD? ;
- What is the structure of nuclear matter? ;
- What are the phases of nuclear matter? ;
- What is the role of nuclei in shaping the evolution of the universe, with the known forms of matter only comprising a meager 5%? ;
- Which is the physics beyond the Standard Model?
The presentations led to extensive discussions among the various representatives. The final half day, following a synopsis of the presentations and discussions by Robert E. Tribble of Texas A&M University, saw first a panel discussion by the three nuclear physics groups mentioned above and next a series of statements by science administrators (DoE, Office of Science Nuclear Physics, NSF Nuclear Physics,
INFN Third Commission, IN2P3/CNRS, CEA/Service de Physique Nucleaire. the Japan Ministry of Education, Science, and Technology, the Korea Research Council, and the China Institute of Atomic Energy).
The Symposium brought together, for the first time, nuclear physics researchers, Laboratory Directors, and Nuclear Science Administrators in a worldwide setting. It showed a vigorous field of nuclear physics with demanding forefront challenges and large nuclear physics facilities being upgraded or coming on line presently or in the near future (CEBAF 12 GeV at Jefferson Laboratory, the FRIB at MSU, SPIRAL2 at GANIL, ISAC at TRIUMF, RIKEN Nishina Center, J-PARC, FAIR at GSI, upgraded RHIC at BNL, and in the more distant future EURISOL). IUPAP WG.9 has given great encouragement to efforts aimed at strengthening regional and international nuclear physics cooperation. At the Symposium the nuclear physics community was informed of the formation of a Latin America Nuclear Physics Association (ALAFNA) to strengthen nuclear physics in Latin-America. Similar attempts may be undertaken in Africa.
Further details may be found going to the website www.iupap.org under ‘Working Groups’ : WG.9 with its website.
Willem T.H. van Oers Anthony W Thomas
Secretary of IUPAP WG.9 Chair of IUPAP WG.9
Activity Report of the IUPAP Working Group on International Cooperation in Nuclear Physics (ICNP) – WG.9
In order to start implementing the mandate given IUPAP WG.9 by the OECD Global Science Forum in a missive from its Chair Hermann-Friedrich Wagner various actions were taken.
In the US there exists for nuclear physics long range planning NSAC the Nuclear Science Advisory Committee (NSAC) reporting to the US Department of Energy and the US National Science Foundation. In Europe NuPECC, the Nuclear Physics European
Community Committee, also interacts with the EC and National Science Administrators
including long range planning for nuclear physics. With the strong encouragement of IUPAP WG.9 an Asian Nuclear Physics Association (ANPhA) has been formed with as
present members The Peoples Republic of China, Japan, Korea, and Vietnam. Invitations are being formulated for Australia, India, the Republic of China, and Thailand to join. ANPhA is organizing regional nuclear physics conferences, symposia, and workshops, and is working on improved access of nuclear physicists to the large regional nuclear physics facilities (e.g. J-PARC, RIKEN, IMP-Lanzhou). IUPAP WG.9 has also given encouragement to closer cooperation in nuclear physics in Latin-America. In fact in-depth discussions will take place at the VIII Latin-American Symposium on Nuclear Physics which will be held in Santiago, Chile, December 15-19, 2009, to establish a formal body to promote co-operations in nuclear physics.
IUPAP Report 41 “Research Facilities in Nuclear Physics” was published in April 2007, and with an electronic version in July 2007. IUPAP WG.9 has decided at its Annual General Meeting, held at the Forschungszentrum Juelich on August 30, 2009, to update the entries, giving short descriptions of the (presently 88) nuclear physics facilities worldwide with a formal users group, every two years while the introduction of IUPAP Report 41, presenting the forefront challenging nuclear physics issues or the roadmap for nuclear physics, every four years. The new electronic version is being posted on the website.
In the context of the OECD Global Science Forum mandate IUPAP WG.9 is organizing a two day symposium at TRIUMF in Vancouver, BC, on July 2-3, 2010, immediately preceding the International Nuclear Physics Conference (INPC2010), with invitations to the Directors of the large nuclear physics facilities in the three regions Asia, Europe, and North-America to present the current and future thrusts of nuclear physics at their laboratory and the new or upgraded facility required. Invitations will also be send to the funding agencies/science administrators to attend. It is the intention to organize such symposia with a three year cycle.
At the Annual Genera Meeting of IUPAP WG.9 sub-committees presented interim reports on: - International User Facility Access
- Future Facilities for Rare Isotope Beams
- Future Electron-Ion Colliders
- Nuclear Astrophysics Underground
IUPAP WG.9 is in the process of formalizing its composition.