International Union of Pure and Applied Physics

WG.9: Working Group on International Cooperation
in Nuclear Physics (ICNP)

 
 
Activity Report 2012-2014

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2014

IUPAP Working Group WG.9 (International Cooperation in Nuclear Physics)

                                       Activity Report 2012 – 2014

  1. Mandate:
    provide a current description of the landscape of key issues in Nuclear Science research
  2. produce (maintain) a compendium of facilities existing or under development worldwide
  3. establish a mapping of these facilities onto the scientific questions outlined above
  4. identify missing components that would have to be developed to provide an optimized, comprehensive network of international facilities for Nuclear Science
  5. explore mechanisms and opportunities for enhancing international collaboration in Nuclear Science
  6. identify R&D projects that could benefit from international joint effort
  7. serve as a source of expert advice for governmental or inter-governmental organizations in connection with efforts to coordinate and promote Nuclear Science at the international level
  8. serve as a forum for the discussion of future directions of Nuclear Science in the broadest sense.
  9. document the cross section disciplinary impact of Nuclear Science and of Nuclear Science facilities and identify mechanisms for expanding (fostering) cross disciplinary research

Present membership of IUPAP WG.9:
Robert E. Tribble – Chair [Texas A&M University, USA]
Anthony W. Thomas – Past-Chair [University of Adelaide, Australia]
Willem T.H. van Oers – Secretary [TRIUMF/University of Manitoba, Canada]
Jonathan A. Bagger – Director TRIUMF [Canada]
Angela Bracco – Chair NuPECC [INFN-Milano, Italy]
                                        NuPECC – Nuclear Physics European Collaboration Committee
Umberto Dosseli – Director Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati [Italy]
Hideto En’yo – Director RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science [Japan]
Donald F. Geesaman – Chair NSAC [ANL, USA]
                               NSAC – Nuclear Science Advisory Committee to the US DoE and US NSF
C. Konrad Gelbke – Director NSCL [USA]
Dominique Guillemaud-Mueller – Deputy-Director IN2P3/CNRS [France]
Kobus Lawrie – Acting-Director i’Themba Laboratories [Zuid-Afrika]
Alinka Lepine-Szily – Co-Chair ALAFNA [Universidade de Sao Paulo, Brazil]
                      ALAFNA Associacao Latino Americana de Fisica Nuclear e Aplicacoes
Victor A. Matveev – Director JINR-Dubna [Russia]
Dong-Pil Min – Chair ANPhA [Seoul National University, Korea]
                            ANPhA Asia Nuclear Physics Association
Hugh Montgomery – Director Jefferson Laboratory [USA]
Berndt Mueller – Associate-Director BNL [USA]
Guenther Rosner – Past-Chair NuPECC [FAIR, Germany]
Naohito Saito – Deputy-Director J-PARC [Japan]
 Hideyuki Sakai – Chair IUPAP C12 [RIKEN, Japan]
Susan J. Seestrom – Past-Chair NSAC [LANL, USA]
Dinesh Srivastava – Director VECC [India]
Horst Stoecker – Director GSI [Germany]
Yanlin Ye – Past-Chair ANPhA [Beijing University, China]
Wenlong Zhan – Vice-President Chinese Academy of Sciences [IMP-Lanzhou, China]

Meetings of IUPAP WG.9:
The Annual General Meetings are held to discuss the various long range plans in terms of the nuclear science priorities, their implementation, and the major nuclear physics facilities, existing, under construction, and being planned. The long range plans are those for NSAC in
the US, for NSERC and TRIUMF in Canada, for NuPECC in the European Union. Also discussed are the nuclear physics collaboration efforts in Latin-America by ALAFNA and in the Asia-Pacific region by ANPhA. The Annual General Meetings of IUPAP WG.9 are preceding those of IUPAP C12 (the Commission on Nuclear Physics).
The meetings in the period 2012-2014 took place at:

  • RIKEN Rare-Isotope Beam Factory (RIBF)), Wako, Japan, August 17-18, 2012
  • Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati INFN, Frascati, Italy, June 1, 2013
  • GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionen Forschung GmbH, Darmstadt, Germany, July 11-12, 2014

In addition IUPAP WG.9 organizes the triennial Nuclear Science Symposia which focus on the seven main topics of nuclear physics to date:

  • Can the structure and interactions of baryons/hadrons be understood in terms of QCD?
  • What is the structure of nuclear matter?
  • What are the phases of nuclear matter?
  • What is the role of nuclei in shaping the evolution of the universe, with the known forms of nuclear matter only comprising a meager 5%, the rest being dark matter 27% and dark energy 68% ?
  • What is the physics beyond the Standard Model?
  • What is the role of nuclear physics serving society?
  • What is the role of nuclear energy in the global energy question?

The first Nuclear Science Symposium was held at TRIUMF, July 2-3, 2010, while the second was held at Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati INFN, May 31 – June 1, 2013.
The next Nuclear Science Symposium will take place in 2015 in Washington, DC.
The Nuclear Science Symposia are public meetings attended by the proponents of nuclear science, long range planning committee members, directors of the various large nuclear physics facilities, and funding agency/government representatives.

Major Nuclear Physics Facility Construction:
Paramount in the discussions during the meetings of IUPAP WG.9 appeared the large nuclear physics facilities required to advance the field. In the three year period 2012-2014, much of the upgrade of CEBAF (Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility) to 12 GeV at Jefferson laboratory in Newport News, VA, was completed. Simultaneous experimentation in three of the four experimental halls is to commence in 2015. The construction of FRIB (Facility for Rare Isotope Beams) at Michigan State University in East-Lansing, MI, has started. J-PARC (Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex) in Tokai, Japan, is moving forward through its phased approach of reaching the design objectives of 50 GeV and beam power of 1.7 MW. Construction has also started of FAIR (Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research) at GSI (Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung, GmbH) in Darmstadt, Germany. All four are very large nuclear physics facilities; the latter three each with price tags well in access of one billion dollars. To advance in knowledge about the structure of the nucleon in terms of its constituents (quarks and gluons and their QCD interactions) a high energy electron-ion collider is being discussed for construction. Its priority will be established through Long Range Plan exercises.

IUPAP Report 41:
This report is a handbook of the nuclear physics facilities world-wide, together with a concise outline of the current nuclear physics challenges, and is produced, maintained, and updated in response to one of the mandates given to IUPAP WG.9 (among other by the OECD Global Science Forum).
IUPAP Report 41 was first published as a hard copy on April 12, 2007.
The first electronic version was posted on the IUPAP WG.9 website
     http://www.triumf.info/hosted/iupap/icnp/index.html
on July 9, 2007 with an update posted on January 1, 2011.
Following the Nuclear Science Symposium held at Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati on May 31, 2013, the introduction of the report (the roadmap for nuclear science for the next five to ten years) has been rewritten with the aid of proponents of nuclear physics. Furthermore, requests were send for updates of the individual nuclear science laboratory entries in the report. A total of 52 out of the 88 individual laboratory descriptions were revised. Also the
report now contains descriptions of the large deep-underground science laboratories and nuclear theory institutes. The updated version of IUPAP Report 41 has been posted on the above mentioned website on January 1, 2014.

Further tasks of IUPAP WG.9:
It has started the planning of the third Nuclear Science Symposium to be held in June/July 2015 in Washington, DC, following the suggestion by Timothy J. Hallman, Associate Director for Nuclear Physics, of the Office of Science, US Department of Energy. The Symposium will be organized through IUPAP WG.9 by the funding agency/government representatives, the long range plan committees’ representatives and the nuclear science community at large.
It is giving an enhanced profile to the Association of Latin-America Nuclear Physics and Applications, ALAFNA, [website : http://www.alafna.net ] and Asia Nuclear Physics Association, ANPhA, [website : http://ribf.riken.jp/ANPhA ]
It is discussing the publication of a report on ‘Nuclear Physics and Medicine’ as was done by NuPECC for the European Union community.

Willem T.H. van Oers
Secretary of IUPAP WG.9
TRIUMF, September 10, 2014 

 

2013

Report on the activities of IUPAP Working Group, WG.9, International Cooperation in Nuclear Physics

The IUPAP WG.9 Annual General Meeting (AGM) held at Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, Frascati, Italy, June 1, 2013:

Present:  Robert E. Tribble – Chair 
              Anthony W. Thomas – Past-Chair
              Willem T.H. van Oers – Secretary
              Angela Bracco – Chair of NuPECC
              Umberto Dosselli – Director Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati
              Hideto En’yo – Director RIKEN
              Donald F. Geesaman – Chair of NSAC
              Alinka Lepine-Szily – Co-Chair of ALAFNA
              Dong-Pil Min – Ambassador for Science, RoK
              Berndt Mueller – Associate Director BNL
              Hugh Montgomery – Director Jefferson Laboratory
              Jean-Michel Poutissou – TRIUMF (for Nigel Lockyer)
              Guenther Rosner – Past-Chair NuPECC
              Amit Roy – Director IUAC
              Hideyuki Sakai – Chair IUPAP-C12
              Susan Seestrom – Past-Chair of NSAC
              Horst Stoecker – Director GSI
              Zeblon Vilakazi – Director i’Themba Laboratories
              Wenlong Zhan – Vice-President Chinese Academy of Sciences, IMP-Lanzhou

Regrets:  C. Konrad Gelbke – Director NSCL
              Dominique Guillemaud-Mueller – Deputy Director IN2P3/CNRS_
              Nigel Lockyer – Director TRIUMF
              Naohito Saito – Deputy-Director J-PARC
              Yanlin Ye – Chair ANPhA

Absent:  Victor A. Matveev – Director JINR               

C12 Observers present:  Wei-Ping Liu – Beijing University 
                                     Eugenio Nappi - INFN
                                     others

The AGM started with words of welcome by the Chair who then reported on the need of updating the electronic version of IUPAP Report 41 with a new outline for Nuclear Physics.
The Introduction will consist of an Executive Summary followed by seven sections reflecting the status and research objectives of Nuclear Physics. These were included in IUPAP Report 41 as of December 31, 2013. (please see: http://www.triumf.info/hosted/iupap/icnp/index.html)
In the fall of 2013 requests have gone out to all laboratories with entries in IUPAP Report 41 to update their entries. As of December 31, 2013, 56 out of 93 laboratory/institution descriptions have been received, which are to be incorporated in IUPAP Report 41.
 
The 2013 Nuclear Science Symposium held at Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, Frascati, Italy, May 31 – June 1, 2013:

The Symposium was organized in the context of the mandate given to the IUPAP Working Group WG.9 by the OECD Global Science Forum (Stefan Michalowski, Executive Secretary of the OECD Global Science Forum, was informed about the symposium). This second symposium was arranged by IUPAP WG.9 as a meeting point of lead stakeholders in nuclear science worldwide, of laboratory directors, and of nuclear science administrators/government representatives. Direct information exchange with the European Union’s ‘European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures’ (ESFRI) with its connection to the Council of Science Ministers was planned, but in the end, not possible due to the inability of Beatrix Vierkorn-Rudolph, Bundesministerium fuer Bildung und Forschung, to attend the symposium.
The symposium was organized to give an overview of the important nuclear science questions, discuss how these are addressed by the major nuclear physics laboratories, review the smaller regional facilities and how these fit into the overall picture for nuclear physics, describe the many applications of the field to the benefit of society, discuss the current energy question, and to discuss the funding models for the large international facilities.
As part of the Nuclear Science Symposium there were ‘in camera’ meetings of nuclear science administrators/government representatives. The following discussion points were suggested by IUPAP WG.9:

  • Charges to the users of a facility for the operation of that facility, which has never been the modus operandi except for CERN, in which case, its member states through funding of the laboratory provided for the operating costs. In the situation in which this becomes the norm it would have as a consequence considerable impact on the pattern of usage of nuclear physics facilities.
  • What could be done for younger scientists of developing nations, with few financial resources, to actively contribute and participate in experiments at the large nuclear physics facilities?
  • What could be done to strengthen international cooperation in setting up R&D infrastructures for major research efforts at the large nuclear physics facilities required for future research endeavors?

NSAC LRP 2007:

Following the submission of the Tribble NSAC Subcommittee Report to the US DoE and US NSF, reflecting the current difficult funding situation for Nuclear Physics in the USA, a missive was sent to Steven Chu, then Secretary of Energy, on behalf of the IUPAP Working Group WG.9 in strong support of the US nuclear physics enterprise. This missive and the reply received from William Brinkman, Director of the Office of Science, DoE, are posted at
   http://www.triumf.info/hosted/icnp/index.html
 under ‘NSAC 2007 LRP’ .

The Relations between ICFA, Linear Collider Board, Linear Collider Collaboration, and FALC:

A very comprehensive description of the various activities stemming from ICFA was presented by Amit Roy at the IUPAP WG.9 AGM. This causes pause for IUPAP WG.9 and perhaps a contemplation of possible further initiatives by IUPAP WG.9. It is hoped that further discussions on this topic will take place at the next AGM of IUPAP WG.9.


TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC, December 31, 2013

Willem T.H. van Oers, secretary of IUPAP WG.9                        

 

2012

Report on the activities of IUPAP Working Group, WG.9, International Cooperation in Nuclear Physics

The IUPAP WG.9 Annual General Meeting (AGM) was held at RIKEN (Nishina Research Center) in Wako, Tokyo, August 17, 2012

Present: 

Robert E. Tribble – Chair 
Anthony W. Thomas – Past-Chair
Willem T.H. van Oers – Secretary
Angela Bracco – Chair of NuPECC
Umberto Dosselli – Frascati
Hideto En’yo – RIKEN
Donald F. Geesaman – Chair of NSAC
Dominique Guillemaud-Mueller – Deputy-Director of IN2P3/CNRS
Alinka Lepine-Szily – Co-Chair of ALAFNA
Nigel Lockyer – TRIUMF
Hugh Montgomery – Jefferson Laboratory
Shoji Nagamiya – J-PARC
Guenther Rosner – Past-Chair NuPECC
Hideyuki Sakai – Chair IUPAP-C12
Susan Seestrom – LANL
Horst Stoecker – GSI
Zeblon Vilakazi – i’Themba Laboratories
Yanlin Ye – Chair ANPhA
Wenlong Zhan – Vice-President Chinese Academy of Sciences, IMP-Lanzhou
Dong-o-Jeon – RISP

Regrets: 

Samuel Aronson – BNL
C. Konrad Gelbke – NSCL 
Dong-Pil Min – Ambassador for Science, RoK
Amit Roy - IUAC Delhi

Absent:  Victor A. Matveev – JINR

C12 Observers present:  

Claes Fahlander
Graziano Fortuna
Rauno Julin
Wei-Ping Liu 
Jean-Michel Poutissou
Piet van Duppen

The AGM started with words of Welcome and Opening Remarks by Masaaki Tanaka [RIKEN]

The Chair reported on the status of the electronic version of IUPAP Report 41
- ‘Executive Summary’ [Anthony W. Thomas] now posted on the IUPAP WG.9 website.
- ‘Hadronic Nuclear Physics’ [Guenther Rosner], item still to be posted
-  A new roadmap for nuclear physics will be written following the Nuclear Science  
   Symposium in 2013.
  
In the context of the mandate given to the IUPAP Working Group WG.9, a second Nuclear Science Symposium is to be organized in 2013. This second symposium, to be arranged by IUPAP WG.9, is to be a meeting point of the lead proponents of nuclear science worldwide, of nuclear science administrators, and of government representatives. Unlike the first symposium the program for the second symposium should have direct input from the latter two groups. In addition, the program should also have direct input from the management of the very large nuclear physics facilities and notification should be given to the European Union’s ‘European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures’ (ESFRI) with its connection to the Council of Science Ministers. The OECD Science Forum should be informed through its secretary Stefan Michalowski. As a further remark, if one takes the workings of ICFA as the example, then it is to be noted that the committee of Funding Agencies for Large Colliders (FALC) meets twice per year.
The 2013 Nuclear Science Symposium should have an overview of the important nuclear science questions, discuss how these are addressed by the major nuclear physics laboratories, review the smaller regional facilities and how these fit into the overall picture for nuclear physics, describe the many applications of the field to the benefit of society, and have a discussion of the funding models for the large international facilities.
It is proposed that funding agency and government representatives meet ‘in camera’ the
final half-day of the Nuclear Science Symposium.
A draft of the proposed agenda will be circulated among the members of IUPAP WG.9 for comments. After agreement about the format and agenda for the Nuclear Science Symposium nominations for speakers will be sought and the agenda set. Invitations to the meeting will then be sent. Broad participation is a prerequisite for the success of the Nuclear Science Symposium.

The 2013 Nuclear Science Symposium will take place on Friday and Saturday, May 31 and June 1, 2013, at Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati with the President of INFN, Fernando Ferroni as the host.

The Chair also reported on the current composition of IUPAP WG.9 and thanked the outgoing members Sydney Gales [GANIL] and Shoji Nagamiya [J-PARC] for their many contributions to making IUPAP WG.9 an important instrument for nuclear science worldwide. They will be replaced by Dominique Guillemaud-Mueller [IN2P3/CNRS] and Naohito Saito [J-PARC]. The updated list of members of IUPAP WG.9 can be found at
 http://www.triumf.info/hosted/iupap/icnp/index.html under ‘Current Membership’.

Presentations were given on the Long Range Plans of NSAC, NSERC/TRIUMF, NuPECC, ANPhA, and ALAFNA. The presentations proper can be found in the above website http://www.triumf.info/hosted/iupap/icnp/index.html > under ’Meetings’.
               
ANPhA [Yanlin Ye] : reported on nuclear physics in India and on the activities of ANPhA in the last year with eight countries now part of the Association. In Korea the site for a $500M rare isotope accelerator (RISP) has been chosen. Design of the accelerator is underway. This is a very ambitious undertaking, which will require a significant increase in the number of nuclear and accelerator physicists. In China there are currently new construction and upgrades efforts for three large nuclear science facilities.

For the status of and planned facilities for Nuclear Physics:
In Korea : see the presentation by Dong-o-Jeon
In China : see the presentation by Wenlong Zhan.
which presentations can be found at the website http://www.triumf.info/hosted/iupap/icnp/index.html under ‘Meetings’ .

Nuclear Science in Russia:
An impromptu exposition of nuclear science facilities in Russia was given last year by Alexei Korsheninnikov. These are the Kurchatov Institute in Moscow (with a 80-100 MeV linear accelerator for electrons plus a 450 MeV booster ring and a 2 GeV main storage ring), the Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics (ITEP) in Moscow (with a 36 MeV 200 mA proton linear asccelerator with a neutron production target), the Institute for Nuclear Research (INR) in Troitsk (with a 600 MeV proton and H- linear accelerator operating in the range 160 to 420 MeV as well as a deep under water neutrino telescope at Lake Baykal and neutrino observatory at Baksan, Kabardino-Balkaria), the Institute for High Energy Physics (IHEP) in Protvino, (with a 70 GeV proton synchrotron), and the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR) in Dubna (for the particle accelerators at JINR and their use see: http://accelconf.web.cern.ch/AccelConf/IPAC10/talks/tuzra02_talk.pdf ).
The facilities mentioned above have been included in the electronic version of IUPAP Report 41. The facilities at the Budker Institute for Nuclear Physics (BINP) in Novosibirsk, the Institute for High Energy Physics (IHEP) in Protvino, the Institute for Nuclear Research (INR) in Troitsk, the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR) in Dubna, and the Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (PNPI) were already described in the updated IUPAP Report 41.

Nuclear Science in Latin-America:
ALAFNA (Associacion Latino Americana de Fisica Nuclear y Aplicaciones) has been formed with a statute and bylaws and met at the IX Latin-American Symposium on Nuclear Physics and Applications, in Quito, Ecuador, July 18-22, 2011. Chairs are Alinka Lepine-Szily from Brazil and Andres J. Kreiner from Argentina. It is organizing symposia and workshops on a regular basis through out Latin-America and would very much like to attract increased participation in these from Europe and North-America. Brazil has a collaborative agreement (Science without Borders) with a great number of countries to place in four years 101,000 graduate and undergraduate students at universities in those countries. Note also that the collaborative agreement has a program for 4 to 6 months stays at Brazilian Institutions for foreign scientists. See:
(http://www.cienciasemfronteiras.gov.br/web/csf/o-programa ). ALAFNA’s existence is very timely with the proposed underground laboratory ANDES for nuclear science at a depth of 1,500m in a tunnel going from Argentina to Chile.

Report on Nuclear Science in Africa:
Nuclear Physics on the African continent was discussed in a report by by Zeblon Vilakazi of i’Themba Laboratories with a 200 MeV open-sector cyclotron for basic and applied nuclear physics (including a proton-therapy facility). Other accelerators for nuclear physics can be found in Egypt. Algeria, and Nigeria. Initial initiatives to foster collaborations within Africa have been launched.

Funding Concerns:
The implications of the proposal by GSI to have the Users Groups share in the costs of operating the FAIR facility are under discussion. A majority of those present at the IUPAP WG.9 AGM was concerned about the impact of this approach on the broad participation in experimental nuclear physics, not only by the industrialized countries but also by the developing countries. At the nuclear physics facilities it has been traditionally agreed that the costs of operation of the accelerator and the beam lines is to be borne by the laboratory while the costs of mounting and running of the experiments need to be borne by the experimenters. The current discussions at GSI would see the costs of operation of the FAIR facility residing by the defined share-holders of FAIR.

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TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC, October 1, 2012

Willem T.H. van Oers, secretary of IUPAP WG.9  

   
 
 
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