International Union of Pure and Applied Physics

WG.9: Working Group on International Cooperation
in Nuclear Physics (ICNP)

Minutes 2012

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IUPAP Report 41
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IUPAP WG.9 Annual General Meeting (AGM) held at RIKEN (Nishina Research Center) in Wako, Tokyo, August 17, 2012


Present:  Robert E. Tribble – Chair 
              Anthony W. Thomas – Past-Chair
              Willem T.H. van Oers – Secretary
               Angela Bracco – Chair of NuPECC
               Umberto Dosselli – Frascati
               Hideto En’yo – RIKEN
               Donald F. Geesaman – Chair of NSAC
               Dominique Guillemaud-Mueller – Deputy-Director of IN2P3/CNRS
               Alinka Lepine-Szily – Co-Chair of ALAFNA
               Nigel Lockyer – TRIUMF
               Hugh Montgomery – Jefferson Laboratory
               Shoji Nagamiya – J-PARC
               Guenther Rosner – Past-Chair NuPECC
               Hideyuki Sakai – Chair IUPAP-C12
               Susan Seestrom – LANL
               Horst Stoecker – GSI
               Zeblon Vilakazi – i’Themba Laboratories
               Yanlin Ye – Chair ANPhA
               Wenlong Zhan – Vice-President Chinese Academy of Sciences, IMP-Lanzhou

               Dong-o-Jeon – RISP

Regrets:  Samuel Aronson – BNL
               C. Konrad Gelbke – NSCL 
               Dong-Pil Min – Ambassador for Science, RoK
               Amit Roy - IUAC Delhi

Absent:  Victor A. Matveev – JINR               

C12 Observers present:  Claes Fahlander
                                  Graziano Fortuna
                                  Rauno Julin
                                  Wei-Ping Liu 
                                  Jean-Michel Poutissou
                                  Piet van Duppen

Words of Welcome and Opening Remarks were expressed by Masaaki Tanaka [RIKEN]

Adoption of the Agenda and Approval of the Minutes of the last AGM held at MIT, Cambridge, MA, on July 24, 2011

Report by the Chair:
The Chair reported on the status of the electronic version of IUPAP Report 41
- ‘Executive Summary’ [Anthony W. Thomas] now posted on the IUPAP WG.9 website.
- ‘Hadronic Nuclear Physics’ [Guenther Rosner] item to be posted the end of August
-  A new roadmap for nuclear physics will be written following the Nuclear Science  
   Symposium in 2013.
Planning for the 2013 Nuclear Science Symposium:

In the context of the mandate given to the IUPAP Working Group WG.9, a second Nuclear Science Symposium is to be organized in 2013. This second symposium, to be arranged by IUPAP WG.9, is to be a meeting point of the lead proponents of nuclear science worldwide, of nuclear science administrators, and of government representatives. Unlike the first symposium the program for the second symposium should have direct input from the latter two groups. In addition, the program should also have direct input from the management of the very large nuclear physics facilities and notification should be given to the European Union’s Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI) with its connection to the Council of Science Ministers. The OECD Science Forum should be informed through its secretary Stefan Michalowski. As a further remark, it is to be noted that the committee of Funding Agencies for Large Colliders (FALC) meets twice per year.
The 2013 Nuclear Science Symposium should have an overview of the important nuclear science questions, discuss how these are addressed by the major nuclear physics laboratories, review the smaller regional facilities and how these fit into the overall picture for nuclear physics, describe the many applications of the field to the benefit of society, and have a discussion of the funding models for the large international facilities.
It is proposed that funding agency and government representative meet ‘in camera’ the
final half-day of the Nuclear Science Symposium.
A draft of the proposed agenda will be circulated among the members of IUPAP WG.9 for comments. After agreement about the format and agenda for the Nuclear Science Symposium nominations for speakers will be sought and the agenda set. Invitations to the meeting will then be sent. Broad participation is a prerequisite for the success of the Nuclear Science Symposium.

The 2013 Nuclear Science Symposium will take place on Friday and Saturday, May 31 and June 1, 2013, at Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati with the President of INFN, Fernando Ferroni as the host.

Report at the IUPAP General Assembly meeting at the IOP in London, UK, November 2-4, 2011.
The Secretary submitted the report on the activities of IUPAP WG.9 to the C & CC of IUPAP and prepared a relevant presentation. These can be found at
 < > under ‘Activity Report 2009-2011’.
It is to be noted that the IUPAP Working Groups have to be confirmed every three years at the IUPAP General Assembly. This does not present a problem for IUPAP WG.9 (ICNP), established as such in 2005 at the IUPAP General Assembly in Kaapstad, as it does not present a problem for ICFA (IUPAP WG.1) established in 1976.  

Composition of IUPAP WG.9
The Chair also reported on the current composition of IUPAP WG.9 and thanked the outgoing members Sydney Gales [GANIL] and Shoji Nagamiya [J-PARC] for their many contributions to making IUPAP WG.9 an important instrument for nuclear science worldwide. They will be replaced by Dominique Guillemaud-Mueller [IN2P3/CNRS] and Naohito Saito [J-PARC]. The updated list of members of IUPAP WG.9 can be found at
   < > under ‘Current Membership’.

Long Range Plans for Nuclear Science:
Presentations were given on the Long Range Plans of NSAC, NSERC/TRIUMF, NuPECC, ANPhA, and ALAFNA. The presentations proper can be found in the above website < >  under ’Meetings’.

NSAC [Donald F. Geesaman] : a great deal of discussion followed :
            DoE FY2012 President’s request +13.7%; appropriation +3.7% ($547.4M)
                     President’s request for FY2013 same as in FY2011 ($526.4M),
            NSF FY2011 ($48.5M)
             Implications – Jlab 6-12 months delay for physics experiments
                                  - RHIC operations 1,360 hours, a cut of 1030 hours wrt 2012
                                  - FRIB FY2013 $22M same as in FY 2012
                                  - DUSEL NSF Science Board has declined further funding;
                                    Homestake now with DoE, DIANE a proposed underground
                                    accelerator now searching for other possible sites.
            NSAC has been asked for advice for recommendations to implement the Long 
            Range Plan under scenarios of flat funding through 2018 and modest increases.
            Flat funding would imply a loss due to inflation of about $85M in FY2018.

NSERC/TRIUMF [Nigel Lockyer] : NSERC’s LRP is for 2011-2016 and is offset with
                              the TRIUMF LRP. NSERC Subatomic physics envelope is for 240
                              grants-eligible scientists (has grown by 10% in five years). The
                              impact on society and economy are to be stressed in all funding
                              applications. NSERC’s funding for subatomic physics is about $23M
                              per year, but does not include faculty salaries. TRIUMF’s funding is
                              about $73M per year from all sources; SNOLAB about $7.5M; plus
                              Perimeter Institute.
                              Associate Membership of CERN is under discussion (the cap on
                              Associate Membership is $25M per year).

NuPECC [Angela Bracco] : the HESR for polarized protons (with later the possibility for
                polarized antiproton polarized proton interactions) will have commissioning in
                2017 and will have the start of experiments in 2018 for now.
                FAIR’s construction budget is E1027M, but contains only E100M in salaries,
                giving it a total costs when including salaries worldwide of E2-3B.
                The NuPECC’s LRP 1) FAIR and SPIRAL-II
                                                   2) SPES and HE-ISOLDE
                                                   3) small scale facilities and laboratories
                                                   4) ALICE program at CERN till 2025
                                                   5) ELI-NP in Bucharest, Romania
                                                   6/ Instrumentation - AGATA
                MYRRHA funding is still not in place with 2014 a critical year; ISOL at
                MYRRHA is separate from other funding. The planned EURISOL facility (a
                next generation European ISOL radioactive ion beam facility) is to be
                considered by the European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures
               (ESFRI). Site selection in 2015 may be postponed. There is a proposal to ask
                the users of FAIR to share in the operating cost of  the facility ( 120M Euros
                per year). This cost sharing has never been a modus operandi in the field of
                nuclear science (with the exception of CERN).
ANPhA [Yanlin Ye] : reported on nuclear physics in India and on the activities of ANPhA in the last year with eight countries now part of the Association. In Korea the site for a $500M rare isotope accelerator (RISP) has been chosen. Design of the accelerator is underway. This is a very ambitious undertaking, which will require a significant increase in the number of nuclear and accelerator physicists. In China there are currently new construction and upgrades efforts for three large nuclear science facilities.

Status of and Planned Facilities for Nuclear Physics:
In Korea : see the presentation by Dong-o-Jeon
In China : see the presentation by Wenlong Zhan.
The presentations proper can be found at the website under ‘Meetings’ .

Nuclear Science in Russia:
An impromptu exposition of nuclear science facilities in Russia was given last year by Alexei Korsheninnikov. These are the Kurchatov Institute in Moscow (with a 80-100 MeV linear accelerator for electrons plus a 450 MeV booster ring and a 2 GeV main storage ring), the Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics (ITEP) in Moscow (with a 36 MeV 200 mA proton linear asccelerator with a neutron production target), the Institute for Nuclear Research (INR) in Troitsk (with a 600 MeV proton and H- linear accelerator operating in the range 160 to 420 MeV as well as a deep under water neutrino telescope at Lake Baykal and neutrino observatory at Baksan, Kabardino-Balkaria), the Institute for High Energy Physics (IHEP) in Protvino, (with a 70 GeV proton synchrotron), and the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR) in Dubna (for the particle accelerators at JINR and their use see: ). The facilities at the Budker Institute for Nuclear Physics (BINP) in Novosibirsk, the Institute for High Energy Physics (IHEP) in Protvino, the Institute for Nuclear Research (INR) in Troitsk, the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR) in Dubna, and the Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (PNPI) are described in the updated IUPAP Report 41.

Nuclear Science in Latin-America:
ALAFNA (Associacion Latino Americana de Fisica Nuclear y Aplicaciones) has been formed with a statute and bylaws and met at the IX Latin-American Symposium on Nuclear Physics and Applications, in Quito, Ecuador, July 18-22, 2011. Chairs are Alinka Lepine-Szily from Brazil and Andres J. Kreiner from Argentina. It is organizing symposia and workshops on a regular basis through out Latin-America and would very much like to attract increased participation in these from Europe and North-America. Brazil has a collaborative agreement (Science without Borders) with a great number of countries to place in four years 101,000 graduate and undergraduate students at universities in those countries
( ). ALAFNA’s existence is very timely with the proposed underground laboratory ANDES for nuclear science at a depth of 1,500m in a tunnel going from Argentina to Chile.

Report on Nuclear Science in Africa:
Nuclear Physics on the African continent was discussed by Zeblon Vilakazi of i’Themba Laboratories with a 200 MeV open-sector cyclotron for basic and applied nuclear physics
(including a proton-therapy facility). Other accelerators for nuclear physics can be found in Egypt. Algeria, and Nigeria. Initial initiatives to foster collaborations within Africa have been launched. (See the website for the presentation.)

Funding Discussions:
The implications of the proposal by GSI to have the Users Groups share in the costs of operating the FAIR facility were discussed at length. A majority of those present was concerned about the impact of this approach on the broad participation in experimental nuclear physics, not only by the industrialized countries but also by the developing countries. At the nuclear physics facilities it has been traditionally agreed that the costs of operation of the accelerator and the beam lines is to be borne by the laboratory while the costs of mounting and running of the experiments need to be borne by the experimenters. The current discussions at GSI would see the costs of operation of the FAIR facility residing by the defined share-holders of FAIR. A lengthy discussion followed.
IUPAP WG.9 anticipates further discussions on this issue at the next year’s AGM.

Next Meetings:
With the IUPAP WG.9 AGM in 2010 at TRIUMF in Vancouver, BC, the 2011 AGM at MIT in Boston, MA, and the 2012 AGM at RIKEN in Tokyo, Japan, the meetings of IUPAP WG.9 and IUPAP C12 in 2013 will take place at the time of the International Nuclear Physics Conference in Florence, Italy, June 2-7. To keep the time needed to attend these meetings for many of the members of IUPAP WG.9 to a minimum, the IUPAP Nuclear Science Symposium and the IUPAP WG.9 AGM will take place at the Institute Nazionale di Frascati near Rome, Italy on Friday and Saturday, May 31 and June 1, 2013. The AGM of IUPAP C12 will take place during INPC 2013 in Florence, Italy. Further information will be forthcoming.

Thanks need to be expressed for the kind hospitality provided by the host institution RIKEN to IUPAP WG.9.

TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC, August 31, 2012
Willem T.H. van Oers, secretary of IUPAP WG.9                         

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